Fall is the most frequent season for accidental rodenticide poising – New mandates by the EPA,Environmental Protection Agency, have reduced and eventually will eliminate ACR, Anticoagulant Rodenticides. This has been the most common mouse/rat poison for many years. Ingestion of ACR’s cause internal bleeding over several days. When a veterinarian treats a patient for accidental eating of an ACR, they were able to use Vitamin K, an effective antidote along with rest and supportive care. With the introduction of new products to the market, this effective way of treating animals is about to disappear.
These two newer rodenticides act much differently in the animal. Bromethalin products – Assault, Tomcat Mole Killer, Clont, Real Kill etc. act on the brain. Neurological signs such as seizures, staggering and eventually coma develop in 2 to 24 hours.
Cholecalciferol products – Tomcat, is one of the most deadly and costly to treat rodenticides. 1 ounce can kill a 70 lb. dog. This product is toxic to the kidneys with signs developing in 1 – 3 days. Signs include increase thirst and urination, weakness, lethargy, no appetite, vomiting, and dehydration. Treatment regiment is several weeks of fluids and monitoring. Prognosis is often very poor due to kidney damage.
Poisoning with rodenticides can be very hazardous to your pet. If your pet consumes any amount of rodenticide, call your veterinarian immediately. It is imperative to know the name of the rodenticide that was used and if possible how much was consumed. Proper treatment as soon as possible and knowing which poison was eaten are critical, now that we are dealing with these new rodenticides on the market
Training hunting dogs - getting them into shape:
It takes 6 weeks or so to get a hunting dog in shape. To start conditioning your dog, use a two - on, one - off program. Work your dog for two days in a row, then give one day of complete rest.
Utilize a slow pace, longer workout. Increase the distance before increasing the speed. Start with a 15 - 20 minute workout at a fast trot. (about 6 - 8 mph), then gradually increase the time up to an hour. Once your dog is in shape, maintain this by 3 workouts a week.
Key Safety Points
Make sure your dog stays well hydrated. Offer water before, during and after workouts.
Use a thermometer to monitor temperature. If it rises to 103º F, stop training and wait for the temperature to come back down. Normal range is 101º - 102º F
With the recent outbreak of Equine Herpesvirus, the Glencoe Veterinary Clinic would like to send you information regarding this disease. We have not had any reported cases in McLeod County, and since this is a reportable disease, we will keep you up to date if any cases appear in the area.
Equine Herpes Virus Information:
Here are two links that provide excellent and reliable information about the Herpesvirus:
U of M EHV-1 Fact Sheet
U.S. Department of Agriculture EHV-1 Brochure
Equine Herpes Virus Vaccination:
There are several herpes viruses that affect horses but equine herpes virus 1, or EHV 1, is associated with the nervous system. You may not recognize the name herpes virus as it was commonly called rhino in the past. Most adult horses have been exposed to the herpes virus already and are carriers. The neurological disease, although severe, is fairly rare when you look at the entire population of horses. It is not recommended to vaccinate exposed horses. Although vaccination will not prevent the nervous system form of EHV 1, it may prevent shedding of the virus and help protect other horses. If you and your horse(s) will be attending numerous shows or events, increased frequency of vaccination may be necessary. Please call and talk to Dr. Dahlke if you have questions.